This collection of pictures shows what life was like on Long Island in the late 19th and early 20th century. These pictures range from 1884 to 1924. If this post is popular we’ll add more pictures of Long Island, so please share if you enjoy it!

1. The Last of the Shinnecock Indians

Picture of the Shinnecock Indians of Long Island, NY

This picture shows the Shinnecock Indian Tribue of Long Island as they looked in 1884. The Shinnecock Indians were one of the larger tribes living on Long Island prior to the arrival of Europeans.

Throughout the 19th century, Shinnecock men worked as fishermen and sailors on whaling ships based at Sag Harbor and other local ports. It was said that no ship left Eastern Long Island without at least one Shinnecock male onboard, as they were known for their seafaring and navigational abilities.

Every Labor Day Weekend since 1946, the reservation has hosted a powwow based on ceremonies beginning in 1912. The Shinnecock Powwow is ranked by USA Today as one of the ten great powwows held in the United States. The Shinnecock Indians now have a cultural center and museum in Southampton, NY.

2. Long Beach Hotel in Long Beach, N.Y.

Long Beach Hotel in Long Island NY - 1900's

This picture shows the Long Beach Hotel in Long Beach, NY.

According to the book Long Beach Chronicles: From Pioneers to the 1933 Earthquake,

The hotel was built on the south side of Ocean Avenue on the bluff at the foot of Cedar Avenue. It rose three stories above the street and five stories above the sand, with the two lower beachfront floors serving as a bathhouse. On the ocean side was a twenty by eighty foot veranda. The dining room faced the sea, and its southern wall was all glass.”

The hotel was burnt to the ground by a fire in 1888.

3. On the Beach in Rockaway, L.I.

Children on the Beach in Rockaway Long Island in 1903

Children on the beach in Rockaway Long Island in 1903. Rockaway Beach is still a popular attraction for tourists and locals alike, but the bathing suits look substantially different.

4. Boating in Oyster Bay, Long Island

Man Assisting Woman into Boat in Oyster Bay, Long Island

A man helping a woman into a boat in Oyster Bay, Long Island. This picture was taken at the Long Island Yacht Club in 1905. Boating was, and still is, a popular past time for Long Islanders.

5. Airplane in Garden City, NY

Men looking at an airplane in Garden City, NY in 1911

Photo shows Wilbur R. Kimball, an aviation pioneer, inventor, airplane builder and pilot who was also the Secretary of the Aeronautic Society of New York.

The picture was taken at the Nassau Boulevard Aerodrome International Aviation Meet, Garden City, Long Island, New York which was held between September 23 and October 1, 1911.

6. The First Official Airmail Flight, Garden City, NY

Picture of the first airmail flight prior to leaving from Garden City, NY on Long Island.

This photo shows the first official airmail flight in the United States. The pilot, Earle Lewis Ovington, is in a Bleriot XI airplane. Postmaster General Frank Harris Hitchcock is handing Earle the bag of mail, and Edward M. Morgan, postmaster of New York can be seen standing next to the plane. This picture was taken on September 23, 1911 at the Nassau Boulevard Aerodrome International Aviation Meet in Garden City, Long Island, New York.

7. August Belmont Jr. at Belmont Park, Elmont, NY

Photograph shows August Belmont, Jr. (1853-1924) possibly at the Belmont Park racetrack in Elmont, Long Island, New York State.

This photograph shows August Belmont, Jr. at the Belmont Park racetrack in Elmont, Long Island.

Belmont is known as “The Championship Track” because almost every major champion in racing history since the early 20th century has competed on the racecourse, including each of the 12 Triple Crown winners.

8. Laying Streets in Garden City, NY

This picture of Garden City NY shows laborers excavating for laying out streets, in 1911. As you can see in the background, much of Garden City was open land at the time.

9. Music Park in Long Beach, Long Island

A music park in Long Beach NY. Locals would congregate at the park to listen to bands play music in the band shell seen at the center oft he picture. This picture was taken in 1911, and if you click on it you can see a closer view.

10. Polo Match at Meadowbrook Polo Club

Two woman at a polo match at meadowbrook polo club on long island, NY.

The Meadowbrook Polo Club in Old Westbury, New York is the oldest continuously operating polo club in the United States. It was first established in 1881. This picture shows Edith Kane and Mrs. J. Douglas Robinson attending the Newport Cup polo match at Meadow Brook Field on June 14, 1913.

11. Piping Rock Country Club, Long Island

Piping Rock Club on Long Island NY

Photograph shows children at an amateur horse exhibition at Piping Rock Club, a country club in Locust Valley, Matinecock, New York. The picture was taken in October 1913.

It was known as the “Augusta of its Day” and boasted members like J. P. Morgan Jr., Louis Comfort Tiffany, Frank Nelson Doubleday, Condé Montrose Nast, William L. Harkness, and members of the Vanderbilt and Astor families.

12. Suffrage Pageant from Mineola to Hempstead

Photo shows participants in suffrage pageant and parade which went from Mineola to Hempstead, Long Island, New York, May 24, 1913.

Photo shows participants in the suffrage pageant and parade which started in Mineola and went to Hempstead. This picture was taken on May 24, 1913.

13. Tennis in Forest Hills, Long Island

Photograph shows the Davis Cup Match between the American team (Maurice E. McLoughlin and Thomas A. Bundy) and the Australian team (Anthony F. Wilding and Norman E. Brookes) at the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills, Long Island, New York.

The Davis Cup is at left on a table. This picture was published in the New York Times on August 15, 1914.

14. R.R. Conklin’s Auto Bus

Roland R Conklins Land Yacht - A huge two story bus

This picture shows the “land yacht” double-decker bus of Roland R. Conklin. traveled from Huntington, Long Island to Chicago in 1915. It is considered one of the early “motor homes”.

15. Collins Pharmacy in Islip, Long Island

Photograph shows the interior of a soda fountain/drugstore with customers and employees in Islip, NY in 1915.

16. First Transatlantic Flight, Mineola, NY

The R-34 was the first aircraft to make an east to west crossing of the Atlantic ocean. The R-34 left Britain on July 2, 1919 and landed in Mineola, NY on July 6, 1919. The flight took 108 hours. The crew nicknamed the ship, “Tiny”.

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